Snapshot on: Minimum Preparedness Activities (MPAs) for nutrition response
Key resource: IASC EPRP guidance from 2015
MPAs are a set of activities that national (and sub-national) emergency team/task force/cluster must implement in order to establish a minimum level of preparedness to response effectively to emergencies and mitigate disaster risks. MPAs for nutrition ideally include:
· A nutrition situation analysis is undertaken (at baseline), trends of nutrition indicators are monitored, early warning indicators, threshold-based response triggers and early actions defined, responsible for early warning/surveillance system designated.
· An emergency nutrition coordination platform is established, stakeholders mapped (3/4W), pre-definition of role and responsibilities, information management responsibilities, anticipate on intra- and inter-cluster/sector coordination mechanism, on national and provincial coordination mechanisms, MoH and/or NDMO-led coordination and response mechanisms (also see toolkit folder 3.Coordination).
· To prepare for joint initial rapid assessments, for any nutrition-related assessment that might need to be done as follow up, that includes pre-defined methodologies, questionnaires, field teams, data analysis and finding interpretation approach, reporting template in place and understood (also see toolkit folder 4.Assessments).
· To anticipate on information management responsibilities and approach to nutrition response monitoring (also see toolkit folders Information management and Monitoring and evaluation).
· To pre-define operational capacity and arrangements to deliver the response in the areas of CMAM, IYCF-E, Micronutrients, C4D, etc. (also see toolkit folders 5. to 8.).
· To identify learning needs, design and implement capacity building plans to address gaps (see previous paragraph and toolkit folder 2.4 on capacity mapping/gap analysis).